Project aims to boost the cost-effectiveness of large-scale wave energy converter arrays in UK waters.
Tank testing of scale models to develop the next generation of Pelamis Wave Power's wave energy converter (WEC) machines have now been successfully completed. The tank testing process forms a key part of a £1.4m project commissioned and funded by the Energy Technologies Institute (ETI) which is looking to boost the cost-effectiveness of large-scale WEC arrays in UK waters. The two 29th scale Pelamis P2e models featured a number of potential improvements to the current Pelamis P2 machine.
The improvements included larger and elliptically shaped tubes, different numbers of joints and tube lengths together with enhanced control systems. The tank testing also allowed for the most extreme storm conditions to be applied over extended periods of time.
The testing was undertaken over a one month period in a specialist wave tank - known in the industry as a 'wave basin' - at the Ecole Centrale de Nantes (ECN) in France.
The models were exposed to the full-scale equivalent of 50 hours of extreme storms, in which the largest waves were up to 23m high. These results drive the engineering design programme and provide robust evidence for verification purposes.
Increased power capture
Pelamis is actively controlled by computerised control systems which can dramatically increase power capture. In the tank tests new control algorithms showed an increase of 100 per cent more power capture in small and medium seas than those previously implemented. This demonstrates huge potential reduction in the cost of energy from Pelamis technology achievable through software upgrades alone. On-going improvements of the machine geometry and controls offers further dramatic gains long into the future.
The 'P2e' Pelamis design is larger, more powerful, and developed for volume production and long term reliability. These improvements will satisfy the demand for commercial scale wave farms currently being developed in Scottish waters and beyond.
The new P2e Pelamis design, now moving into the detailed design phase, builds on the successful demonstration of two P2 machines in Orkney at the European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC).
Ross Henderson, Technology Director at Pelamis Wave Power, said: "We've learned so much from the P2 machines being demonstrated in Orkney. Alongside our intensive R&D programme, this is allowing us to make big advances. The new P2e design must provide a return for the first commercial project investors and this means more power throughout the year but without more cost.
"We have found that the fundamentals have been proved right with the Pelamis so far, so we're taking the P2 technology platform and enhancing it into a much more powerful, reliable, and economic machine. Continuing in this way, we will steadily make wave energy cost competitive with other sources in the years to come."
ETI Marine Programme Manager, Simon Cheeseman, said: "Seeing such encouraging increases in power capture within these test results is exactly the kind of technology development that we had hoped to see. We are working with Pelamis to accelerate the wave power technology development that the industry requires in order to reach that next step towards commercialisation. The project is designed to help improve technology performance and reduce the cost of wave energy."
Extreme test conditions
These extreme test wave conditions were guided by real wave measurements from a South Shetland site where a wave farm is currently being developed by Aegir Wave Power, a joint venture between Pelamis Wave Power and Vattenfall. The site was also chosen thanks to the energetic wave resource found in South Shetland, meaning that the wave conditions the model P2e machines experienced during tank testing were representative of one of the most energetic wave sites in the UK.
The Energy Technologies Institute (ETI) is a public-private partnership between global energy and engineering companies - BP, Caterpillar, EDF, E.ON, Rolls-Royce and Shell - and the UK government.
The ETI's role is to bring together engineering projects that accelerate the development of affordable, secure and sustainable technologies that helps the UK address its long term emissions reductions targets.
For more information, visit www.pelamiswave.com