One of the processes involved in the mining of gold and silver requires the concentration of mineral slurry – essentially dewatering a mixture of mineral ore and water. Once the mineral slurry is concentrated, it must be pumped to the next phase of processing, normally leaching. A large gold and silver mining operation in northern Mexico was having difficulties optimising the transport of slurry from their dewatering process due to sub-par pumps involved in the operation.
This mining operation was looking to achieve a concentration of 60% mineral solids in their slurry. The problem they faced was that the centrifugal pumps transporting the decanted slurry were not able to pump slurry with a concentration above 30%. This required the mine operator to re-inject water back into the slurry to make it fluid enough to pump, after just expending energy and chemicals to dewater it in the decanting process.
In addition, the centrifugal pumps required constant maintenance and a complete change-out after only three months of operation. Slurry with a lower concentration of minerals also requires costly dewatering in the next phase of processing.
Looking for a solution to their problems with centrifugal pumps, the customer tried to replace one with a rotary lobe pump. After only two days of operation, however, the pump housing was destroyed. Netzsch was then contacted through a distributor to help try to solve this difficult production problem.
“When I first learned about the slurry concentration the customer was looking to pump, I wasn’t sure if we could achieve that. However, I knew if we could get the customer to a higher concentration of minerals in the slurry, they would be able to produce more silver and more gold per hour, at a lower cost. So, we decided to take a look,” said Antonio Castilhos, a Netzsch representative.
Netzsch began production trials at the mine with a stock progressing cavity pump. The production testing began with the same slurry mixture of 30% mining solids that was currently feeding the centrifugal pumps. Throughout the trials, the water content in the slurry was gradually lowered until the water injection was stopped altogether, and the Netzsch pump proved able to pump slurry of up to 65% of minerals solids.
“With the capabilities of the NEMO pump line to work with extremely difficult materials, we were able to pump the slurry without any injection of water. According to our customer, this level of performance paid for the cost of the pump within the first two or three hours of its operation,” Castilhos said. In part, this was due to the fact that with less water in the slurry, the next processing phase of leaching was able to use a lower volume of aggressive chemicals, providing a major reduction in costs to the customer.
After the successful trial, final specifications for the production pumps were addressed. For this slurry pumping application, a NEMO NM Series pump was specified using a tungsten carbide rotor and a NEMOLAST S61M with superior abrasion resistance stator. A variable frequency drive was also used to verify the best operating speed during the tests. Pump rotation was initially 189 rpm with a 20 hp motor, but after testing, the best rotation was determined to be 130 rpm.
The Netzsch NEMO NM Pump Series is built with an enlarged stuffing box and tapered suction housing that results in more efficient and trouble free operations, even in difficult applications. The pump is self-priming, has a low shear rate on pumped fluid, and is built for handling highly viscous fluids with solids content.
Today, the mining operation is running three slurry lines with NEMO progressing cavity pumps and the customer is seeing bottom-line operational and life cycle cost benefits. Not having to inject water back into the slurry saves on costly chemical processing in the leaching operation. From a life cycle cost perspective, the mining operation has dramatically lowered the maintenance and replacement costs over the earlier centrifugal pumps. Even with the abrasive nature of the slurry, the rotor and stator in the Netzsch pump last roughly three months before requiring replacement. Finally, with plant uptime improved, more gold and silver ore can be processed, leading to an improvement in overall operational profitability.