Inspection and field services firm SPI Inspections has test-ran its new acoustic imaging camera designed specifically to detect partial discharge, a sign of approaching or imminent failure in power infrastructure.
The FLIR Si124 camera is built with 124 microphones that enables it to produce a precise acoustic image that visually displays ultrasonic information in real time on top of a digital camera picture.
SPI Inspections has extensive experience in the field and advanced inspection technology, working with utility systems from building power lines to inspecting substations.
“We’ve been around the block a few times,” said Elton Hunter, Field Manager at SPI. “Our background is basically power, from where it's made in the generating facility to where the meter is—either the meter on your home or the meter on your business. We've really assisted our customers. Our goal is to make their systems work better, safer, and be more reliable.”
The journey of electricity from power plant to lightbulb in your home presents plenty of opportunities for failure if infrastructure isn’t properly maintained. SPI recognises when an element needs maintenance, aided by advanced technology.
Among the tools in the firm’s arsenal is the FLIR GF77 gas detection camera, which allows the team to spot sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) leaks in electrical installations as well as detect hot spots. The GF77 is a multi-use camera that can detect a range of gases just by changing out the lens. When equipped with an HR Lens, the camera can visualise sulfur hexafluoride, while an LR Lens allows the camera to see methane, ethylene, ammonia, and other gas emissions. The camera is also calibrated for temperature, so it functions as a standard thermography camera use to reveal a wide range of utility issues.
The tools of inspection
Having relied on FLIR gas detection cameras for previous inspections, the SPI team was eager to get their hands on the Si124 and see what it could do. Though acoustic imaging cameras are often used to locate pressurized leaks in compressed air systems, the Si124 is also a very effective tool for detecting partial discharge from high-voltage systems.
Partial discharge—caused by a breakdown in electrical insulation—can be detected when the air around the breakdown becomes ionized, creating a phenomenon called “corona.” Corona can be quickly detected by acoustic imaging, identified by a “meatball” of sound in the image. “For us, that's invaluable,” said Hunter.
The team had previously been using ultraviolet technology to detect corona and were pleased to find that the Si124 achieved about the same result for a fifth of the price. “The Si124 basically does the same job and it's very easy to use,” explained Brett Fleming, Corporate Manager at SPI Inspections.
Intuitive and accessible features
“It's very user friendly,” added Hunter. “Within a half-dozen hours, we were very confident working with it. The camera has wonderful clarity for us in the field. According to him, his team appreciated the quality of the images, ease of download to a laptop or the cloud, and the functionality of the camera’s user interface.
“We're guys that have been in construction for 40-plus years—we've got arthritis and big swollen fat hands hitting hammers and stuff. The user interfaces—the keys, the touch boards—are very user friendly. We found them very easy to work with.”
The Si124 also made it much easier to spot failures from the ground. During the test run of the camera, the team found a failure on a power line 220 feet up in the air, a difficult issue to detect. “With our drones we could, but we would have known where to look,” said Hunter. “Because of our field experience we were able to pick it out and zoom in on it, then we knew that there was a bit of a problem up there. That's a 25-million-dollar failure on a line that's only five years old.” With the Si124 the team was able to catch the problem early, before the cost to fix it became nearly that high.
Electrical substations and other utility infrastructure present several hazards for workers and inspectors. When the team confronted a particularly dangerous area inside the substation where a capacitor bank had come down, they were required to stay outside the chain-link fence enclosing the area. They were pleased to find that the Si124 could look through the fence to assess the situation.
“We were able to walk right up, and we could look right through the chain-link fence,” said Hunter. “Because there's 124 microphones on the front of the camera and then one little tiny camera that camera was able to look right through that two by two inch square and keep our people safe, which is a huge advantage for us being in the field.”
Catching problems early
SPI’s goal during inspections is to catch issues before they are allowed to escalate too far. Spotting partial discharge and corona early with tools like the Si124 helps them anticipate failures and keep the lights on for their clients. “It allows us to pre-emptively prognosticate what's happening in our power line,” explained Hunter. “So instead of there being a catastrophic failure and then an outage and a repair, we can go in ahead of time and we can tell them, ‘hey, you're going to have a problem with this if you don't fix it.”
Unplanned outages can be prevented with regular inspection and maintenance. “If we do our jobs right, nobody ever knows we're out there. The customer doesn't know we're there; we do our job, make recommendations, and then through planned outages or regular maintenance they can repair something.”