Recognising the increased need for pipeline grounding to dissipate interference.
The long-term trend in the US and many other countries is shared land use for pipelines and other utilities. This movement has increased the number of overhead high voltage transmission lines parallel to and sharing a corridor with an underground pipeline. This combination has increased the need for grounding of the pipeline to dissipate interference.
In these systems, AC voltages are transmitted to the pipeline by conductive or inductive interference. Magnetic induction acts along the pipeline or pipeline segment that is about parallel to the power line and can cause significant pipeline potentials even at relatively large separation distances.
Consideration must be given to safety of personnel and the public who may come into contact with above ground portions of the pipeline.[Page Break]
Advances in interference control have resulted in the gradient control wire method. This method consists of one or more bare zinc conductors buried parallel to and near the pipeline and regularly connected to it. Plattline zinc ribbon anode used in this way is very effective in mitigating excessive pipeline potentials due to both inductive and conductive interference.
Plattline evens out pipeline and soil potential differences. Additionally, Plattline can provide cathodic protection to the pipeline. It is important to review the use and design of a gradient control wire system with an engineer experienced with this system, as its performance will depend on the multi-layered structure of the earth.[Page Break]
For inductive interference, gradient control wires provide additional grounding for the pipeline and decrease the induced pipe potential rise. At the same time, they raise local ground potentials, thus sharply reducing touch potentials and coating stress voltages. For conductive interference, gradient control wires dampen the soil potential rise close to the pipe while raising pipe potentials, thus providing reduced touch voltages and decreasing coating stress voltages.[Page Break]
Life expectancy of Plattline in this application would be quite long and would generally be determined by Plattline as a projected cathodic protection system. The most common sizes of Plattline for AC mitigation are plus and standard.
Plattline can provide a significant means to mitigate potential gradientsalong the length of a pipeline. Importance must also be placed on reducing the potentials at valve sites, metering stations, pig launchers and receivers and other accessible installations for worker safety.
Gradient control grids or grounding mats raise local ground potentials in the same way gradient control wires do. These grounding mats can be made in several forms. Spiral and rectangular designs are generally standard for grounding mats.
Reference should be made to NACE Standard RP0177(Latest Revision) - Recommended Practice on Mitigation of Alternating Current & Lightning Effects on Metallic Structure and Corrosion Control Systems.
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The Platt Brothers & Company is based in, Waterbury, CT, USA. www.plattbros.com