A new kind of screen pixel doubles as a solar cell and could boost the energy efficiency of cell phones and e-readers. The technology could also potentially be used in larger displays to make energy-harvesting billboards or decorative solar panels.
Jay Guo, a professor in the University of Michigan’s Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, has developed the reflective photovoltaic colour filter device that can convert absorbed light to electricity. The research is newly published in the current print edition of ACS Nano.
In traditional LCDs, less than 8 per cent of the backlight actually reaches a viewer’s eyes. The rest is absorbed by colour filters and polarisers, Guo said.
“This absorbed light is totally wasted,” Guo said. “It becomes heat. You can feel it if you put your hand close to a monitor. Why not try to harvest some of this energy?” Guo said.
That’s just what he has done. Guo’s new filter can convert to power about 2 percent of the light that would otherwise be wasted. This could add up to a significant amount in small electronics, Guo said.
The researchers created the new filter by adding organic semiconductor solar cells to an elegant and ultra-thin colour filter, similar to what Guo’s lab had created over a year ago. That filter is composed of nano-thin sheets of metal with precisely spaced gratings that act as resonators, trapping and reflecting light of a particular colour. The colour depends only on the amount of space between the slits.
At just 200 nanometers thick, the new filter is 100 times thinner than traditional colorant-based filters---a feature that would be attractive for use in future ultrathin coloured display devices.
The paper is titled, “Photonic Color Filters Integrated with Organic Solar Cells for Energy Harvesting.” The university is pursuing patent protection for the intellectual property.